Mengenal 19 Pahlawan Indonesia Di Bidang Pendidikan Dan Kemerdekaan

Teori Fungsionalisme Dalam Pendidikan - Doc Definisi Dan Kon Pengertian sejarah menurut E.H. Sumber sejarah yang satu ini merupakan peninggalan yang berupa tulisan. Ditambah dengan kebijakan politik luar negeri Indonesia yang bebas-aktif akan menjadikan Indonesia terlepas dari sifat ketergantungan terhadap satu actors saja. The PRD has consistently taken a stance in favour of the self-determination of East Timor, illegally occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian people know about their civil and political rights and their anti-Suharto dictatorship consciousness has also increased rapidly. It is a spontaneous outburst of anger and frustration and has nothing to do with conspirators or masterminds! The PRD sees our struggles as linked and we often say that we must intensify the pro-democracy movement in the main islands to divert the Indonesian military from East Timor and thus give more space for the resistance there. When some Indonesians disagree with us, one of our responses is to ask why the Government can find so much money for western arms but cannot fund our education system. When we sent an open letter to 15 leading pro-democracy individuals asking their support in our boycott call, the only one who replied was the jailed FALINTIL leader Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao. It appears that our boycott call was not very successful when in spite of the hostility towards the government and knowing the result would be manipulated, most people saw no option but to vote on the day.

He said he supported us and that the East Timorese too should boycott these elections. What we did accomplish was mass political education on the true nature of these elections. Well ,we were not surprised that GOLKAR won the elections! In the next eight months (until the presidential election) we intend to make more propaganda through the media that this high anti-dictatorship consciousness must be channelled into some political outlet.We are agitating for the currently divided pro-democracy movement to come together in a Popular Democratic Coalition on the basis that everyone is committed to the overthrow of Suharto. We will go into that election with our own political programme which is anti-capitalist and for popular democracy and is based on mass action and aspirations of the workers and peasants. Our aim would be to overthrow Suharto and form a coalition government to introduce multi-party democracy. In a liberal democratic situation there will be the space for us to freely voice our own views and to organise ourselves and our mass organisations. We support the masses who have been agitating for a “Mega-Star-People” coalition between Megawati Sukarnoputri, the leader of the PDI who was removed by the Government and in whose place a regime loyalist was imposed, the other main opposition party the PPP (whose symbol is a star), and the aspirations and demands of the popular sectors.

We are used to these baseless accusations being made against the PRD by the regime and don’t bother replying to them. We try to use examples and arguments like this drawn from the everyday experiences of the masses to politically educate them and raise their awareness of this issue. The 1998 Special Session (Sidang Istimewa) was the first MPR assembly held after Suharto’s resignation from the Presidency and fall from power in May 1998. Although it still consisted of politicians who had flourished during Suharto’s regime, these MPR members were keen to distance themselves from Suharto and appeal to the reformist sentiments that were prevalent in Indonesia at the time. If they support democracy in Indonesia they could made it possible thirty years ago when Suharto took power. This demand reflects our own goal of building the widest possible coalition for the overthrow of the dictatorship and for popular multi-party democracy in its place. Our intention is to build a network of like-minded individuals and parties in solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor. The experience we are trying to learn from is that of the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign in the 1960s and 1970s when across the world there were mobilisations against US intervention in Vietnam.

What do you hope to achieve in your summer ’97 European solidarity tour? How did you arrive at this courageous position? The Discovery Channel cable network, which broadcast the video, apologized for the clip produced by a private company – and not by the government – but this did not calm emotions in Indonesia. We have good relations with the East Timorese resistance in Indonesia and abroad. She just smiled. When this was reported to the masses they began carrying portraits of Megawati to PPP rallies and an unofficial ’smile coalition’ was established. The PPP vote received 23 per cent which was good considering the electoral malpractices. This vote doesn’t reflect their real support. The PDI vote collapsed to under three percent which shows how discredited their new leadership is even among its own members and is a vindication for Megawati supporters of her popularity and the illegitimacy of her removal. However when it became clear that the people would be voting we joined with the PPP and PDI (Megawati) in setting up election monitoring offices so that people could report malpractices and manipulations.